הם

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Has cognates in other Semitic languages, such as Arabic هم (hum, they). The central sense is “they”; other senses are by extension.

Adjective[edit]

הֵם (hem)

  1. Those, yon, the masculine plural distant demonstrative adjective, masculine plural of הוא (hu').
Usage notes[edit]
  • This adjective is nearly always found in its definite form הָהֵם (hahém).
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • הוא (hu', that-MASCULINE)
  • היא (hi', that-FEMININE)
  • הן (hen, that-FEMININE)

Pronoun[edit]

הֵם (hem)

  1. They, the third-person masculine plural personal pronoun, masculine plural of הוא (hu').
  2. Those, yon, the masculine plural distant demonstrative pronoun, masculine plural of הוא (hu').
  3. Are, a masculine plural present-tense copula, masculine plural of הוא (hu').
Usage notes[edit]
  • Like the other personal pronouns, הם is not used as a direct object, as the object of preposition, or as a possessive pronoun; rather, its sense is incorporated into the preceding word (which is usually a preposition, especially in Modern Hebrew), which then appears in its third-person-masculine-plural-personal-pronoun-including form. This applies to its demonstrative-pronoun sense as well, as these senses are not truly distinct.
  • Like other masculine plural forms, הם is used both with masculine-only antecedents or referents and with mixed-gender antecedents or referents.
  • Like other masculine plural forms with feminine counterparts in (-n), הם is sometimes substituted for its feminine counterpart הן (in which case it takes feminine adjectives and verbs), but this is not usually considered correct.
Synonyms[edit]
  • (those): אֵלֶּה (éileh, these-MASCULINE)
  • (are): הינם (hinám, here they-MASCULINE are, they-MASCULINE are, are-MASCULINE)
Antonyms[edit]
  • (those): אֵלֶּה (éileh, these-MASCULINE)
  • (are): אינם (einám, there they are-MASCULINE not, they-MASCULINE are not, are-MASCULINE not)
Related terms[edit]
  • הוא (hu', he, it-MASCULINE, that-MASCULINE, am/is/are-MASCULINE-SINGULAR)
  • היא (hi', she, it-FEMININE, that-FEMININE, am/is/are-FEMININE-SINGULAR)
  • הן (hen, they-FEMININE, those-FEMININE, are-FEMININE)

Etymology 2[edit]

From English heme.

Noun[edit]

הם (him)

  1. (biology, medicine) Heme.

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]