עצם

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Arabic عَظْمٌ (ʿaẓm(un)) and Aramaic עַטְמָא (ʿaṭmā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

עֶצֶם (étsemm

  1. A bone.
  2. (with possessive suffix) A self.
    ראיתי את עצמי בראי.
    ra'íti ét atsmí bar'í.
    I saw myself in the mirror.
  3. thing, object
  4. gist, essence
  5. (philosophy) substance
  6. exact
    וְהֵם חָיוּ בְּאוֹשֶׁר וָעוֹשֶׁר עָד עֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה
    v'hém kháyu b'ósher va'osher 'ad 'etsem háyóm házé
    And they lived in happiness and luxury until this very day.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

עָצַם ('atsám) (pa'ál construction)

  1. to close (one's eyes)
    • אפרת גוש, לראות את האור
      עצמתי עיני אטמתי ליבי

Verb[edit]

עָצַם ('atsám) (pa'ál construction)

  1. (literary) to become mighty