רקע

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ר־ק־ע (r-k-').

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

רָקַע (raká) (pa'ál construction)

  1. (transitive) To spread (something) out, to flatten (something).
    • Exodus 39:3:
      וַיְרַקְּעוּ אֶת־פַּחֵי הַזָּהָב וְקִצֵּץ פְּתִילִם לַעֲשׂוֹת בְּתוֹךְ הַתְּכֵלֶת וּבְתוֹךְ הָאַרְגָּמָן וּבְתוֹךְ תּוֹלַעַת הַשָּׁנִי וּבְתוֹךְ הַשֵּׁשׁ מַעֲשֵׂה חֹשֵׁב׃
      vay'rak'ú et-pakhéi hazaháv v'kitséts p'tilím la'asót b'tókh hat'khélet uv'tókh ha'argamán uv'tókh tolá'at hashaní uv'tókh hashésh ma'asé khoshév.
      And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut [it into] wires, to work [it] in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, [with] cunning work.[1]
    • Numbers 16:39:
      וַיִּקַּח אֶלְעָזָר הַכֹּהֵן אֵת מַחְתּוֹת הַנְּחֹשֶׁת אֲשֶׁר הִקְרִיבוּ הַשְּׂרֻפִים וַיְרַקְּעוּם צִפּוּי לַמִּזְבֵּחַ׃
      vayikákh el'azár hakohén et makhtót han'khóshet ashér hikrívu has'rufím vay'rak'úm tsipúi lamizbéakh.
      And Eleazar the priest took the brasen censers, wherewith they that were burnt had offered; and they were made broad [plates for] a covering of the altar:[1]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

רֶקַע (rékam (plural indefinite form רְקָעִים, singular construct form רֶקַע־, plural construct form רִקְעֵי־)

  1. (literally) A background: the background of a picture (or the like).
  2. (figuratively) A background, an ambient environment.
    מוזיקת רקעmuzikát-rékabackground music
    עם מוזיקה ברקעim múzika baréka — with music in the background
    • 2005, אסף גברון (translator), Audrey Niffenegger (English author), “אשתו של הנוסע בזמן” (The Time Traveler’s Wife), Kinneret, Zmora-Bitan, Dvir (publishers), ISBN 625-1200057, page 398
      כשקנדריק מפסיק לדבר, פתאום נשמעים רעשי הרקע של הבניין.
      k'shekéndrik mafsík l'dabér, pit'óm nishma'ím ra'ashéi-haréka shel habinyan.
      When Kendrick stops talking the background noises of the building are suddenly apparent.[2]
  3. (figuratively) A background: a person's heritage, upbringing, and so on.
    הרקע הסוציו-אקונומי של המשפחהharéka hasotsyo-ekonómi shél hamishpakhá — the family's socioeconomic background
  4. (figuratively) A basis: an underlying situation or cause.
  5. (computing) A background, a desktop background.
    רקעים למחשבr'ka'ím l'makhshév — desktop backgrounds (literally backgrounds for a computer)
    רקעי מחשבrik'éi-makhshév — desktop backgrounds (literally computer backgrounds)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (background, ambient environment): As may be seen in the examples above, the noun רקע (réka) very often functions either as an attributive modifier, or as the object of the preposition ב־ (b'-, in). In this respect it is similar to English background.
  • (basis): Note that על רקע [] (al réka, on/against a [] background) typically has a much stronger implication of causation than an English-speaker might expect.

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

רִקַּע (riká) (pi'él construction)

  1. Defective spelling of ריקע.

Pronunciation 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

רֻקַּע (ruká) (pi'él construction)

  1. Defective spelling of רוקע.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Authorized King James translation (1611).
  2. ^ English from: Audrey Niffenegger, The Time Traveler’s Wife, Harcourt (2004), ISBN 978-0-15-602943-8, page 464.

Anagrams[edit]