استاد

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Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier اوستاد (ôstâd), from Middle Persian ʾwstʾt' (awestād, master, craftsman) (Manichaean Middle Persian ʾwystʾd (awestād)), from Old Persian. Compare Kurdish hoste, hoste, oste, wista, wusta, وەستا (westa), Mazanderani استات (estât), استا (estâ), اسا (essâ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

استاد (ostâd) (comparative استادتر, superlative استادترین)

  1. skilled

Noun[edit]

Dari استاد
Iranian Persian استاد
Tajik устод (ustod)

استاد (ostâd) (plural استادان (ostâdân) or استادها (ostâd-hâ) or اساتید (asâtid))

  1. expert
  2. master
  3. craftsman
  4. tutor
  5. teacher
  6. professor
  7. ustad

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian استاد (ostâd, master), from Middle Persian ʾwstʾt' (awestād, master, craftsman), from Old Persian.

Noun[edit]

استاد (ustādm

  1. professor
  2. teacher
  3. tutor
  4. expert
  5. master