دشمن

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Azeri[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic дүшмән
Roman düşmən
Perso-Arabic دوشمن, دشمن

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دشمن (dušman).

Noun[edit]

دشمن (düşmən) (definite accusative دشمنی, plural دشمنلر)

  1. enemy

Declension[edit]


Baluchi[edit]

Noun[edit]

دشمن (dušman)

  1. enemy

See also[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دشمن (došman).

Noun[edit]

دشمن (düşmen)

  1. enemy, foe

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old compound from at least Indo-Iranian period originally meaning "evil-minded"; cognate to Sanskrit दुर्मन्मन् (dur-mánman, evil-minded), Avestan [script?] (duž-manah-, duš-manah-, evil-minded), and probably also Ancient Greek formation δυσ-μενής (dus-menḗs, adverse, bad).

Component parts are دش (duš-, evil, bad, ugly) (from Proto-Indo-European *dus- (bad), whence also دزد (dozd, thief); cognate with Sanskrit दुस् (dus-, bad), Avestan 𐬛𐬎𐬱 (duš-, bad), Ancient Greek δυσ- (dus-, bad)), and *man, reflex of Proto-Indo-European *ménos (mind) (cognate to Sanskrit मनस् (mánas), Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬥𐬋 (manō) and Ancient Greek μένος (ménos)).

Old Armenian թշնամի (tʿšnami) is an Iranian borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari دشمن
Iranian Persian دشمن
Tajik душман (dušman)

دشمن (došman) (plural دشمنان)

  1. enemy

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دشمن (došman).

Noun[edit]

دشمن (duśmanmHindi spelling दुश्मन

  1. enemy, foe

Related terms[edit]