お疲れ様でした

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 3

Etymology[edit]

Consists of (o, honorific prefix) + 疲れ (tsukare, tiredness, fatigue), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem form) of verb 疲れる (tsukareru, to become tired or fatigued) + (sama, honorific suffix) + でした (deshita, it was, past tense of copula です desu “it is”).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [o̞t͡sɯ̥ᵝka̠ɺ̠e̞ sa̠ma̠ de̞ɕi̥ta̠]

Phrase[edit]

お疲れ様でした (hiragana おつかれさまでした, romaji otsukare-sama deshita)

  1. I appreciate your efforts, thank you very much, good work

Usage notes[edit]

Can be used as a catch-all greeting of sorts when passing a coworker in the hall on the way home at the end of the day. The deshita on the end indicates that whatever the speaker is referring to is finished. Consequently, it is considered inappropriate for someone leaving work to say this to someone staying at work; in that case, お疲れ様です (​otsukare-sama desu) would be used instead.

Synonyms[edit]