コギャル

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Japanese[edit]

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コギャル: a kogyaru in the so-called "American casual" style.
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Etymology[edit]

First appeared in the 1990s. Varied theories regarding the term's derivation.[1]

Two possible derivations are attributed to bouncers at night clubs, as slang abbreviations to indicate a young woman who was underage and should therefore be denied entry.

  • From 高校生 (kōkōsei, high-school student) + ギャル (gyaru, gal, young woman, originally referring to someone not a minor).
  • From 格好 (kakkō, appearance, seeming) + ギャル (gyaru).

Another possible derivation is attributed to the mass media.

  • From (ko, child; young; small) + ギャル (gyaru).

The gyaru portion in all of these is a borrowing from English gal.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ko̞ɡja̠ɾ̠ɯᵝ]

Noun[edit]

コギャル (romaji kogyaru)

  1. a teenage girl participating in a particular subculture in Japan, with a tendency towards being obsessively trend-conscious, kogal (kogyaru)

References[edit]

  1. ^ p. 18, "GIRL'S CULTURE-ギャルが日本を救う!?-" ("Girl's Culture - Gals Rescue Japan!?-", in Japanese), Zenta Nishida, editor; BRUTUS, 1 May 2009; Magazine House, Ltd.