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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 15 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 戈一弓女一 (IMNVM), composition)

  1. a Chinese surname
  2. gallop
  3. because of, by means of, by dint of

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (馮), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 房戎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨuŋ/ /bʱi̯uŋ/ /biuŋ/ /biuŋ/ /buwŋ/ /bĭuŋ/ /biuŋ/
Character (馮), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 蒸
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 扶冰切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɨŋ/ /bʱi̯əŋ/ /biəŋ/ /bɨŋ/ /biŋ/ /bĭəŋ/ /bieŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
píng ‹ bing › /*[b]rəәŋ/ full, solid

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
858 0 /*brɯŋ/