気付く

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
つ > づ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (ki, awareness) +‎ 付く (tsuku, to stick, to attach, to turn on). The tsuku changes to zuku due to rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

気付く (intransitive, godan conjugation, hiragana きづく, romaji kizuku)

  1. to become aware, to notice
    それについて気付 (きづ)かなかった
    sore ni tsuite kizukanakatta.
    I was not aware of that. → I did not notice that.
    危険 (きけん)気付 (きづ)
    kiken ni kizuku
    to become aware of a danger → to notice a danger
  2. to be revived, to come back to one's senses
    気絶 (きぜつ)していた (ひと)気付 (きづ)いた
    kizetsu shiteita hito ga kizuita.
    The person who had passed out regained consciousness.

Conjugation[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Although the English gloss "to notice" is transitive, note that 気付く (kizuku) is intransitive. The verb can take an indirect object, marked with the particle (ni), as in the examples above.