火鼠

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

火鼠

  1. A fire rat/mouse; a kind of yāoguài, a supernatural creature.

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

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Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
ねずみ
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

Compound of Old Japanese elements (hi, fire) +‎ (nezumi, rat, mouse).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

火鼠 (hiragana ひねずみ, romaji hinezumi)

  1. a fire-rat: an imaginary creature of ancient China resembling a white rat, thought to live in the volcanoes of the South China Sea and to have fireproof fur
    • 10th century: The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter
      唐土にある、火鼠の裘を給へ
      もろこしにある、ひねずみのかわごろもをたまえ
      Morokoshi ni aru, hinezumi no kawagoromo o tamae
      Get me the fur robe of the fire-rat in China...
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 火鼠 (*xuɑ̌ *shiǔ, literally fire rat). Date of borrowing unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

火鼠 (hiragana かそ, romaji kaso, historical hiragana くわそ)

  1. a fire-rat (see above)
Usage notes[edit]

The hinezumi reading is more common.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9