膝皿

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: S Grade: 3

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (hiza, knee) +‎ (sara, plate), from the shape of the bone.

Noun[edit]

膝皿 (hiragana ひざさら, romaji hiza sara)

  1. (anatomy) The kneecap, the patella.

Usage notes[edit]

Both 膝の皿 (hiza no sara) and 膝皿 (hiza sara) are in use in modern Japanese, with 膝の皿 (hiza no sara) used more frequently. The term 膝蓋骨 (shitsugaikotsu) is somewhat more technical, a bit like English patella compared to kneecap.

Synonyms[edit]