patella

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See also: Patella

English[edit]

A diagram of a front view of the knee, showing the patella at centre
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Etymology[edit]

From Latin patella (a small pan or dish, a plate; the kneepan, patella), diminutive of patina (a broad shallow dish, pan).

Noun[edit]

patella (plural patellas or patellae)

  1. (anatomy) The sesamoid bone of the knee; the kneecap.
    • 2004, Ann Seranne, The Joy of Breeding Your Own Show Dog, page 188,
      Subluxed patellas, more commonly referred to as slipped stifles, like all inherited factors will continue to cripple a breed as long as breeders continue to mate affected animals.
    • 2005, Roger E. Stevenson, 20: Limbs, Roger E. Stevenson, Judith G. Hall, Human Malformations and Related Anomalies, page 920,
      Since patella diameter is a feature of continuous variation, the majority of small patellas represent simply the lower extreme of normal anatomic variation.
    • 2006, Erik Trinkaus, 18: The Lower Limb Remains, Erik Trinkaus, Jiří Svoboda (editors), Early Modern Human Evolution in Central Europe, page 395,
      Both patellae are well preserved for Dolni Věstonice 3 and 13-15, and the left patella remains for Dolni Věstonice 16 (Figures 18.22 to 18.26).
    • 2009, P. Tohomson, 14: Assessment of the paediatric patient, Ben Yates (editor), Merriman's Assessment of the Lower Limb, page 401,
      The patellae may be up to 30° externally rotated at birth. In young children it is considered normal for the patellae to be externally rotated, but by 5 years of age the patellae should face forwards.

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Italian[edit]

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Noun[edit]

patella f (plural patelle)

  1. (anatomy) patella, kneecap, rotula
  2. (mollusk) limpet

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Diminutive of patina (a broad shallow dish, pan) or patera.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

patella f (genitive patellae); first declension

  1. a small or shallow pan or dish
  2. the kneecap, patella
  3. a disease of the olive tree

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative patella patellae
genitive patellae patellārum
dative patellae patellīs
accusative patellam patellās
ablative patellā patellīs
vocative patella patellae

Descendants[edit]