먹다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Worin cheongangjigok (月印千江之曲 / 월인천강지곡), 1449, as 먹다 (Yale: mekta).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

먹다 (meokda) (infinitive 먹어, sequential 먹으니)

  1. to eat, to have
    • 밥을 먹다babeul meokda ― to eat food
    • 아침은 먹었니?
      Achimeun meogeonni?
      Have you had your breakfast?
    • 사양하지 않고 먹겠습니다.
      Sayanghaji anko meokgetseumnida.
      I will help myself. Thank you.
    • 그 여자는 그 음식을 좀 먹었다. 그런데 모두 먹기에는 그렇게 배고프지 않았다. 그래서 나중에 다 먹으려고 냉장고에 그것을 넣어두었다.
      Geu yeojaneun geu eumsigeul jom meogeotda. Geureonde modu meokgieneun geureoke baegopeuji anatda. Geuraeseo najung-e da meogeuryeogo naengjanggo-e geugeoseul neo-eodueotda.
      She ate some of the food, but was not hungry enough to eat it all, so she put the rest in the refrigerator to finish later.
  2. to drink, to take, to have
    • 술을 먹다sureul meokda ― to drink wine
  3. to pocket, to embezzle, to seize upon
  4. to receive, to get
  5. to make up (one's mind), to be determined
  6. to grow older
    • 나이 먹은 사람nai meogeun saram ― a man of years
    • 보기보다는 나이를 먹지 않다bogibodaneun naireul meokji anta ― to be not so old as one looks

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • Causative: 먹이다 (meogida, “to feed”)
  • Passive: 먹히다 (meokhida, “to be eaten”)
  • Noun: 먹이 (meogi, “food, feed”)
  • 머금다 (meogeumda, “to keep in one's mouth”)
  • 젖먹이 (jeonmeogi, “nursing baby”)

See also[edit]