- elder brother of a female; (by extension, spoken by a female) unrelated elder male
The term 오빠 (o-ppa) is used by a female to refer to an elder male, often as a polite replacement for a second person singular pronoun (너 or 당신).
- 언니 - elder sister of a female
- 누나 - elder sister of a male
- 형 - elder brother of a male
- 아저씨 - middle aged man; older male
- 할아버지 - grandfather; senior male