-ès

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Catalan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin -ēnsis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Balearic) IPA(key): [ˈəs]
  • (Eastern Catalan) IPA(key): [ˈɛs]
  • (Western Catalan) IPA(key): [ˈes]

Suffix[edit]

-ès m (feminine -esa, masculine plural -esos, feminine plural -eses)

  1. -ese; Used to form an adjective with the meaning of “pertinent thereto”.
  2. -ese; Used to form a noun with the meaning of “an inhabitant thereof”.
  3. m -ese; Used to form a proper noun with the meaning of “the language used by the inhabitants thereof”.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Unlike English, where the capitalization of the proper noun is retained when a suffix is added, in Catalan, when this suffix is used with a place name, the capitalization is dropped, even when forming a language name that is itself a proper noun. Hence Irlanda (Ireland) + -ès yields irlandès not *Irlandès.

Derived terms[edit]