-ական

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See also: ական

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian -ական (-akan); see below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ական (-akan)

  1. One of the suffixes used to form an adjective. Often corresponds to English suffixes -ian and -al.
    հորիզոնական (horizonakan) — horizontal
    հայկական (haykakan) — Armenian
  2. Forms personified nouns, with the meaning of a follower, profession or doer of something. -ist, -er.
    ստալինական (stalinakan) — Stalinist
    վաճառական (vač̣aṙakan) — merchant
    թափառական (t’ap’aṙakan) — vagabond, vagrant

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix is very productive.

Derived terms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Iranian *-(a)kan.

Suffix[edit]

-ական (-akan)

  1. forming adjectives from nouns; -ian, -al
    պարսիկparsik ― a Persian
    պարսկականparskakan ― Persian
  2. forming personified nouns, with the meaning of a follower, profession or doer of something; -ist, -er
    փախուստpʿaxust ― flight, fleeing
    փախստականpʿaxstakan ― refugee

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The suffix was very productive.

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • -(ա)կան” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (1998), Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes]. In Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer [Questions of Comparative Grammar of the Armenian Language], Yerevan: Anania Shirakatsi