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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian (-d).

Suffix[edit]

(-d)

  1. a possessive suffix marking 2nd person possession
    գիրքդgirkʿd ― your book
    գնալդgnald ― your going
    ձեռքերովդjeṙkʿerovd ― with your hands
    1. co-occurs with postpositions in pseudo-possessive meaning identifying the location in the 2nd person
      մոտդmotd ― with you/at you/near you
      վրադvrad ― on you
  2. a personal suffix used to refer to the 2nd person as an agent; found in idioms and certain constructions
    դու ինքդdu inkʿd ― you yourself
    Դուք՝ առաջավորներդ, պիտի օգնեք մեզ՝ ետ մնացողներիս։
    Dukʿ, aṙaǰavornerd, piti ōgnekʿ mez, et mnacʿołneris.
    You, the advanced ones, have to help us, the backward ones.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jasmine Dum-Tragut (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pages 112–116, ISBN 9789027238146

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *դո- (*do-).

Suffix[edit]

(-d)

  1. this, that (near the second person)
    կորուսեր զհոգիդ եւ զինչսդkoruser zhogid ew zinčʿsd ― you have lost your soul and your property
    արձակեա՛ զժողովուրդդarjakeá zžołovurdd ― let this or the people go!
    որ խոսիդ ընդ քեզor xosid ənd kʿez ― he who talks to you
  2. (personal pronoun) thou, thee, you
    սուրբդ սրբոցsurbd srbocʿ ― you who are the holy of holy ones

Usage notes[edit]

(-s), (-d) and (-n) form a three-way deictic contrast. -s shows an object close to the speaker, -d close to the second person, -n close to the third person.

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: (-d)

References[edit]

  • դ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • դ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 107