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See also: ս

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian (-s).

Suffix[edit]

(-s)

  1. a possessive suffix marking 1st person possession
    գիրքսgirkʿs ― my book
    գնալսgnals ― my going
    ձեռքերովսjeṙkʿerovs ― with my hands
    1. co-occurs with postpositions in pseudo-possessive meaning identifying the location in the 1st person
      մոտսmots ― with me/at me/near me
      վրասvras ― on me
  2. a personal suffix used to refer to the 1st person as an agent; found in idioms and certain constructions
    ես ինքսes inkʿs ― I myself
    Ես՝ Վահագն Ա. Պետրոսյանս, կազմեցի սույն օրինակը։
    Es, Vahagn A. Petrosyans, kazmecʿi suyn ōrinakə.
    I, Vahagn A. Petrosyan Esq., made up the following example.
    ես ինքսes inkʿs ― I myself
    Դուք՝ առաջավորներդ, պիտի օգնեք մեզ՝ ետ մնացողներիս։
    Dukʿ, aṙaǰavornerd, piti ōgnekʿ mez, et mnacʿołneris.
    You, the advanced ones, have to help us, the backward ones.
  3. a demonstrative suffix found in
    1. some temporal expressions indicating a point of time being very close to the moment of speech
      ամառսamaṙs ― this summer
    2. some expressions indicating a location very close (or even familiar) to the speaker
      Բարբառումս կա 43 հնչյուն։Barbaṙums ka 43 hnčʿyun. ― There are 43 sounds in this dialect.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jasmine Dum-Tragut (2009), Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, pages 112–116, ISBN 9789027238146

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From *սո- (*so-).

Suffix[edit]

(-s)

  1. this, these (near the speaker)
    կինս զոր ետուրkins zor etur ― this woman given me by you
    զոր ասեմսzor asems ― what I say
  2. (personal pronoun) I
    տէրս եւ վերդապետսtērs ew verdapets ― I who am a lord and master
  3. sometimes used for ornament
    յորոց միջի ես բնակեալս եմyorocʿ miǰi es bnakeals em ― among whom I live
    զոր ինչ եսս գործեմzor inčʿ ess gorcem ― that which I do
    զոր սայս խօսիzor says xōsi ― what he says
    որպէս եւ եսս եմorpēs ew ess em ― as I am
    վասն իրացս այսոցիկvasn iracʿs aysocʿik ― for these things
    զոր այժմս ասացիzor ayžms asacʿi ― what I have just now said
Usage notes[edit]

See the notes in (-d).

Descendants[edit]
  • Armenian: (-s)

References[edit]

  • ս in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • ս in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University

Etymology 2[edit]

From the Proto-Indo-European plural accusative case ending *-Vns, *-(C)n̥s. Compare dialectal Ancient Greek λύκονς (lúkons, wolves), Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌲𐌰-𐌽𐍃 (daga-ns, days).

Suffix[edit]

(-s)

  1. plural accusative case marker
    շունսšuns ― accusative plural of շուն (šun)
  2. forming adverbs
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Either from (-s, plural accusative case marker) (see Etymology 2) or inherited from Proto-Indo-European plural locative marker *-su by apocope; compare Sanskrit [script needed] (vrkešu).

Suffix[edit]

(-s)

  1. plural locative case marker
    շունսšuns ― locative plural of շուն (šun)
References[edit]