Appendix:Glossary of semantics

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This is a glossary of semantics.


Table of Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A[edit]

absent referent 
The condition of a sign which has an empty, absent, non-existent, paradoxical, hypothetical, supernatural, or undefined referent, such as nothing, null, vacuum, or void.

C[edit]

conceptual definition 
A definition in terms of concepts, such as the one found in a dictionary, instead of in terms of the results of measuring procedures.
connotation 
A meaning of a word or phrase that is suggested or implied, as opposed to a denotation, or literal meaning. A characteristic of words or phrases, or of the contexts that words and phrases are used in.

D[edit]

definiendum 
The term—word or phrase—defined in a definition.
definiens 
That which defines the definiendum in a definition.
definition 
A statement of the meaning of a word or word group or a sign or symbol.
denotation 
The primary, literal or explicit meaning of a word, phrase or symbol.
dictionary definition 
A descriptive definition specifying one of the commonly used meanings of the defined term.
differentia 
The distinguishing feature which marks something off from other members of the same family.

E[edit]

enumerative definition 
A definition that exhaustively lists all the objects that fall under the defined term.
extension 
Capacity of a concept or general term to include a greater or smaller number of objects; -- correlative of intension.
extensional definition 
A definition of a term that specifies its extension, that is, every object that falls under the definition.

G[edit]

genus 
Within a definition, a broader category of the defined concept.

I[edit]

intension 
Any property or quality connoted by a word, phrase or other symbol, contrasted to actual instances in the real world to which the term applies.
intensional definition 
A definition that gives the meaning of a term by specifying all the properties of the things to which the term applies.

M[edit]

meaning 
The definition or connotation of a word.

O[edit]

operational definition 
A showing of something — such as a variable, term, or object — in terms of the specific process or set of validation tests used to determine its presence and quantity.
ostensive definition 
A process of binding the meaning to the defined term by pointing out examples and counterexamples.

P[edit]

prototype 
An instance of a category or a concept that combines its most representative attributes, such as robin being a prototype of bird, unlike penguin.

R[edit]

recursive definition 
A definition of a term within which the term itself appears, and that is well-founded, avoiding an infinite regress.
referent 
The specific entity in the world that a word or phrase identifies or denotes.

S[edit]

semantics 
A branch of linguistics studying the meaning of words.
sense 
A single conventional use of a word; one of the entries for a word in a dictionary.
stipulative definition 
A definition in which a new or currently-existing term is given a new meaning for the purposes of argument or discussion in a given context.