Appendix:Latin fourth declension

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Description[edit]

Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in . The genitive is in -ūs.

Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους) are declined as fourth-declension nouns in Latin.

The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus.

Examples[edit]

Masculine or feminine -us form[edit]

Case Singular Plural
nominative -us -ūs
genitive -ūs -uum
dative -uī -ibus
accusative -um -ūs
ablative -ibus
vocative -us -ūs
locative -ibus

Examples:

Neuter -ū form[edit]

Case Singular Plural
nominative -ua
genitive -ūs
(-ū)
-uum
dative
(-ūī)
-ibus
accusative -ua
ablative -ibus
vocative -ua
locative -ibus

Examples:

Feminine -ō form (from Greek)[edit]

Citation form: ēchō, ēchūs f

Case Singular Plural
nominative ēch-ō ēch-ūs
genitive ēch-ūs ēch-uum
dative ēch-uī ēch-ibus
accusative ēch-um ēch-ūs
ablative ēch-ū ēch-ibus
vocative ēch-ō ēch-ūs
locative ēch-ū ēch-ibus

See also[edit]