Cimmerian

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See also: cimmerian

English[edit]

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 Cimmerians on Wikipedia

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 Cimmerian Sibyl on Wikipedia

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Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sɪˈmɪərɪən/

Etymology[edit]

From the Latin Cimmerius, from Ancient Greek Κιμμέριος (Kimmerios, pertaining to the Cimmerii) +‎ -an.

Noun[edit]

Cimmerian (plural Cimmerians)

  1. (Greek mythology) Any of the mythical people supposed to inhabit a land of perpetual darkness.
    • 1791, Homer, The Odyssey of Homer, translated by William Cowper
      The city, there, of the Cimmerians stands
      With clouds and darkness veil’d, on whom the sun
      Deigns not to look with his beam-darting eye,
    • 1900, Jack London, The Shrinkage of the Planet
      On their mysterious shores were the improbable homes of impossible peoples. The Great Sea, the Broad Sea, the Boundless Sea; the Ethiopians, "dwelling far away, the most distant of men," and the Cimmerians, "covered with darkness and cloud," where "baleful night is spread over timid mortals."
  2. one of the Cimmerii, ancient equestrian nomads of Indo-European origin
    • 1588, William Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Titus Andronicus
      Believe me, queen, your swarth Cimmerian
      Doth make your honour of his body's hue,
      Spotted, detested, and abominable.
    • 1902, Encyclopedia Britannica
      The Phrygian power was broken in the 9th or 8th century B.C. by the Cimmerians, who entered Asia Minor through Armenia
    • 1910, Herodotus (484 BCE–425 BCE), History of Herodotus, translated by George Rawlinson
      In his reign the Cimmerians, driven from their homes by the nomads of Scythia, entered Asia and captured Sardis
  3. (historical) the prophetic priestess presiding over the Apollonian Oracle at Cimmerium in Italy.
    • 1867 to 1885, Lactantius (240–320 CE), Ante-Nicene Fathers, translated by William Fletcher
      Varro relates that there were ten Sibyls,—the first of the Persians, the second the Libyan, the third the Delphian, the fourth the Cimmerian...

Translations[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

Cimmerian (comparative more Cimmerian, superlative most Cimmerian)

  1. Pertaining to the ancient Cimmerians.
  2. Characteristic of Cimmeria; especially describing particularly dense darkness etc.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.12:
      there it sleepeth, here it slumbreth: more or lesse they are ever darknesses, yea Cimmerian darknesses.

Proper noun[edit]

Cimmerian

  1. the language of the Cimmerians, possibly belonging to the Iranian branch

Translations[edit]