Wiktionary:About Czech

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See also Category:Czech language

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This guide is intended to provide guidelines both for creating Czech entries on English Wiktionary as well as for adding Czech translations to English words. The main guidelines for creating any entry on English Wiktionary is set forth in Wiktionary:Entry layout explained; this page is an addition to that page, not a replacement.

If a change occurs in the main guidelines that affects Czech entries, then that change should be reflected here.


Basics[edit]

When adding a Czech entry, please consider doing the following minimum amount of work:

  1. Add to the English entry, the Czech translation in infinitive form for a verb, singular nominative form with gender for a noun or a proper noun, masculine singular nominative form for an adjective, nominative form for a pronoun. See Wiktionary:Translations for more information.
  2. Create a basic Czech entry for the Czech word, as shown in the following examples.

Example[edit]

This is an entry for the word vítr, and shows the most fundamental elements of an article:

  1. the language section, always Czech (as a level 2 heading),
  2. its part of speech or "type", here Noun (as a level 3 heading),
  3. the inflection word itself (preferably a template for Czech),
  4. an English translation (preceded by "#", which causes automatic numbering),
  5. links in the translation for key words in English,

All the examples in this page can be copied and used to start an article or section of an article.

==Czech==

===Noun===
{{cs-noun|g=m}}

# [[wind]] {{gloss|movement of air}}

The article core[edit]

Noun singular nominative[edit]

Example[edit]

For vítr:

==Czech==

===Noun===
{{cs-noun|g=m}}

# [[wind]] {{gloss|movement of air}}

Templates[edit]

  • g=m, g=f, g=n respectively for masculine, feminine and neuter nouns.

Declension[edit]

If you have some time you can also add the declensions of the noun with the template {{cs-decl-noun}}. There is also an effort to create an automatic template {{cs-decl-noun-auto}}, try it and if it doesn't work you can improve it = ).

==Czech==

===Noun===
{{cs-noun|g=m}}

# [[wind]] {{gloss|movement of air}}

====Declension====
{{cs-decl-noun|vítr|větru|větru|vítr|větře|větru|větrem
|větry|větrů|větrům|větry|větry|větrech|větry}}

Verb infinitive[edit]

Example[edit]

For jít:

==Czech==

===Verb===
{{cs-verb|a=i}}

# to [[go]] (by foot); to [[walk]].

Templates[edit]

  • a=p, a=i respectively for perfective and imperfective aspects
  • aa=alternative verb with alternative verb the form of the other aspect

Conjugation[edit]

If you have some time you can also add the conjugation of the verb with the template {{cs-conj}}. There is also an effort to create automatic templates (around 30 currently) that use the prefix of the verb as first parameter and for some the letter p as second parameter only in perfective case. See Czech conjugation table templates for them. Try them and if it doesn't work you can add a new one = ).

==Czech==

===Verb===
{{cs-verb|a=i}}

# to [[go]] (by foot); to [[walk]].

====Conjugation====
{{cs-conj|jdu|jdeš|jde|jdeme|jdete|jdou
|půjdu|půjdeš|půjde|půjdeme|půjdete|půjdou
|šel, šla, šlo|šel, šla, šlo|šel, šla, šlo
|šli, šly, šla|šli, šly, šla|šli, šly, šla}}

Verbs with subject and object reversed[edit]

Reflexive verbs[edit]

Perfective vs imperfective verbs[edit]

  • Whether, when entering Czech translations of verbs into the pages with English entries, I should enter perfective or imperfective form of the word, is unclear. Sometimes, the imperfective is the obvious default, like dělat instead of udělat, zadělat or rozdělat. Elsewhere, the case is not so clear, such as in znepokojit vs znepokojovat.
  • Another issue is the possible duplication of entries such as znepokojit and znepokojovat. This duplication could perhaps be avoided, by making one of the entries the main one while letting the other one link to the first one, in the style of mračit se linking to mračit.
  • See {{cs-imperfective form of}}.

Noun form other than singular nominative[edit]

To use only for an already existing page in another language or for a very frequent form.

Example[edit]

For korun:

==Czech==

===Noun===
{{cs-noun form}}

# {{inflection of|koruna||gen|p|lang=cs}}

Templates[edit]

Verb form other than infinitive[edit]

To use only for an already existing page in another language or for a very frequent form.

Example[edit]

For doufám:

==Czech==

===Verb===
{{cs-verb form}}

# {{form of|First person singular present tense|doufat|lang=cs}}

Templates[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Enter only the masculine singular nominative form.

We need to extend the template for comparative and superlative form.

If you want to enter other forms, you need to create a declension template, {{cs-decl-adj}}, like {{cs-decl-noun}} for nouns. See malý in the Czech version and malý in the German version (full table).

Example[edit]

For malý:

==Czech==

===Adjective===
{{cs-adj}}

# [[small]]

Templates[edit]

Multiple genders[edit]

  • Example: noční.
  • Problem: currently, set like noční m. But it also applies to feminine and neuter.
  • Solutions:
Nr Solution Note
1 noční m f n
  1. nocturnal
At this point, I seem to prefer this one.
2 noční m, f, n
  1. nocturnal
I have seen this at some entries, created manually.
3 noční m

noční f

noční n

  1. nocturnal
Takes a lot of space. What is the advantage, after all?
4 noční
  1. nocturnal
Rather not. As Czech has gendered adjectives, the genders of the entry should be more explicit.
  • Model language: unknown.
  • Handling in the {{cs-adj}} template: new gender 'a', meaning all, used like {{cs-adj|g=a}}.
  • To be decided, if possible by modeling on other languages, and consulting other people.

Adverb[edit]

They are not inflected = ) but the comparative yes : |.

Enter at least the basic form then the comparative and superlative.

We need to extend the template for comparative and superlative form.

Example[edit]

For moc:

==Czech==

===Adverb===
{{cs-adv}}

# [[very]]
# [[lot]], [[a lot]]

Templates[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Very similar to noun except there should be no neuter or inanimate masculine gender.

Declension is not mandatory.

Example[edit]

For Praha:

==Czech==

===Proper noun===
{{cs-proper noun|g=f}}

# [[Prague]]

====Declension====
{{cs-decl-noun|Praha|Prahy|Praze|Prahu|Praho|Praze|Prahou
|Prahy|Prah|Prahám|Prahy|Prahy|Prahách|Prahami}}

Templates[edit]

  • g=m, g=f, g=n respectively for masculine, feminine and neuter nouns.

Pronoun[edit]

We need to explain the different cases: personal, demonstrative, possessive, interrogative.

Example[edit]

For co:

==Czech==

===Pronoun===
{{cs-pron}}

# [[what]]

Templates[edit]

Preposition[edit]

They are not inflected = ) but always match a case so it is a good idea to give the case that should follow them.

Example[edit]

For bez:

==Czech==

===Preposition===
{{cs-prep}}

# [[without]]

====Usage notes====
Followed by [[genitive]] case.

Templates[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

Currently there is no specific Czech template.

Example[edit]

For i:

==Czech==

===Conjunction===
{{head|cs|conjunction}}

# [[and]]

Templates[edit]

  • {{head|cs|conjunction}}

Proverb[edit]

Here are the main rules to enter Czech proverbs:

  1. Wiki links on the words or group of word of the Czech proverb in masculine singular form
  2. Translation with the equivalent proverb in English with a # after the entry, if not just omit
  3. Literal translation of the Czech proverb in the Etymology section
  4. Explanation of the idiomatic meaning of the Czech proverb: after the translation with #:, in italic

See also Wiktionary talk:About_Czech#Summary.

Example[edit]

For samochvála smrdí:

==Czech==

===Etymology===

Literally: Self praise stinks.

===Proverb===
{{cs-prov|sg=[[samochvála]] [[smrdět|smrdí]]}}

# The [[praise]] you give to yourself is not trustworthy for other people.

Templates[edit]

Affix[edit]

Headings before the definitions[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Czech language developed at the close of the 1st millennium from the Proto-Slavic language. Some words come from German too due to the proximity.

See Wiktionary:Etymology for the format and Wikipedia:History of the Czech language for more information.

Pronunciation[edit]

Some letter are difficult to pronounce for English people, mainly those with háček or caron like ř that soften the pronunciation.

Contrary to languages like French, Czech language is pronounced exactly like it is written so when you know the pronunciation of each letter, a few letter groups, and some phonetic rules (e.g., voiceless consonant followed by voiced consonant assimilates voicing: kdo is pronounced /gdo/), you know how to pronounce every Czech word. It is thus maybe not so important to give the pronunciation for every word.

See Wiktionary:Pronunciation for the format and Wikipedia:Czech phonology for more information.

Headings after the definitions[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

For problems with too many related terms, see žít, where the related terms živit, zažít and užít generate a host of terms related to them, resulting in a large list of items if made complete.

Meta data[edit]

General categories[edit]

Remember that if you use a template, the category is automatically added.

If there is no template for the type of entry you enter, you can add a category like this:

==Czech==

===Phrase===
'''dobrý den'''

# [[good day]]

[[Category:Czech phrasebook]]

See Category:Czech language for an overview of all Czech categories where you can put an entry.

Topical categories[edit]

Articles can be classified into topics.

The top level page for Czech topics is Category:cs:All topics.

If not already existing, add a new category section modelled on the English categories:

{{wikipedia|lang=cs|Kategorie:Ovoce}}
{{nav|lang=cs|langname=Czech|current=Fruits|parent=Foods}}

Then, add the category at the end of the Czech entry:

  • Example with the page ananas
==Czech==

===Noun===
{{cs-noun|g=m}}

# [[pineapple]]

[[Category:cs:Fruits]]

Which entries to add?[edit]

See also[edit]

Templates[edit]

To understand and know how to write a template see:

Wikipedia[edit]