affluent

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Middle French affluent, from Latin affluentem, accusative singular of affluēns, present active participle of affluō (flow to or towards; overflow with), from ad (to, towards) + fluō (flow) (cognate via latter to fluid, flow). Sense of “wealthy” (plentiful flow of goods) c. 1600, which also lead to nominalization affluence.[1]

Only relation to antonym indigent is common Latinate suffix +‎ -ent.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

affluent (plural affluents)

  1. (Discuss(+) this sense) Somebody who is wealthy.
    • 1994, Philip D. Cooper, Health care marketing: a foundation for managed quality (page 183)
      The affluents are most similar to the professional want-it-alls in their reasons for preferring specific hospitals and in their demographic characteristics.
  2. A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; a tributary stream; a tributary.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

affluent (comparative more affluent, superlative most affluent)

  1. Abundant; copious; plenteous.
    • H. Reed
      language [] affluent in expression
  2. (by extension) Abounding in goods or riches; materially wealthy.
  3. (dated) Tributary.
  4. (obsolete) Flowing to; flowing abundantly.
    • Harvey
      affluent blood

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ affluent” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

affluent m (feminine affluente, masculine plural affluents, feminine plural affluentes)

  1. tributary

Noun[edit]

affluent m (plural affluents)

  1. tributary, affluent

Verb[edit]

affluent

  1. third-person plural present indicative of affluer
  2. third-person plural present subjunctive of affluer

Latin[edit]

Verb[edit]

affluent

  1. third-person plural future active indicative of affluō