butyrate

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English[edit]

Structure diagram of a butyrate radical
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Noun[edit]

butyrate (plural butyrates)

  1. (organic chemistry) Any salt or ester of butyric acid.
    • 1995, M. C. L. Pitcher, J. H. Cummings, 62: Colonic fermentation, sulphur metabolism and ulcerative colitis, Guido Tytgat, J. F. W. M. Bartelsman, S. J. H. van Deventer (editors), Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, page 532,
      It is butyrate, however, which is the fatty acid of most importance to the colonic epithelial cell. Apart from being an important respiratory fuel for the colonocyte, butyrate has remarkably diverse properties in a wide range of cells.
    • 1995, B. Darcy-Vrillon, P.H. Duée, Fibre effect on nutrient metabolism in splanchnic and peripheral tissues, C. Cherbut, J. L. Barry, D. Lairon, M. Durand (editors), Dietary Fibre: Mechanisms of Action in Human Physiology and Metabolism, page 88,
      Another question to be raised is the possible use of butyrate in the lipogenic pathway. Even though the carbons from butyrate could be incorporated into lipid extracts [12], this incorporation represents less than 1 % of CO2, and TKB productions.
    • 2003, Tsuyoshi Sakoda, Noriyuki Kasahara, Larry Kedes, 4: Lentivurus Vector-Mediated Gene Transfer in Cardiomyocetes, Joseph M. Metzger (editor), Cardiac Cell and Gene Transfer: Principles, Protocols, and Applications, page 62,
      To examine the effects of sodium butyrate on virus production, cells were exposed to sodium butyrate at various concentrations and times starting 16 h after transfection.
    • 2008, Neil McKinney, Naturally There's Always Hope, page 160,
      Butyrates are four carbon fatty acids first found in butter. Butyrates are formed naturally in the gut by friendly bacteria (probiotics) digesting fibre, such as the fibre in psyllium seed husks.

Synonyms[edit]