dakša

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See also: dakšā

Latvian[edit]

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 Dakša on Latvian Wikipedia

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Dakšas (1)
Velosipēda dakša (2)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *daš-, with a suffix -kā and š-k metathesis (compare also dialectal daška; there are also dialectal forms like dasti with a suffix -to instead of -kā), from Proto-Indo-European *deḱ (to pluck, sever, split). Cognates include Norwegian tagge, German Zacke (spike), Middle Low German tagge, Dutch tak (branch), English tack.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

dakša f (4th declension)

  1. (usually in the plural) fork, pitchfork (pronged tool with a long straight handle used for lifting, throwing (especially hay))
    dakšu kātsfork shaft
    uzdurt salmu klēpi uz dakšām — to stick a fork into the straw
    izcelt kartupeļus ar dakšām — to dig out potatoes with a fork
    divzaru, trīszaru, četrzaru dakšas — two-, three-, four-pronged fork
    divžuburu, trīsžuburu, četržuburu dakšas — two-, three-, four-pronged fork
    siena, mēslu, dārza, kartupeļu dakšas — hay, manure, garden, potato fork
  2. (usually in the singular) part of a machine composed of two parallel branches
    velosipēda dakša — bicycle fork
    motocikla priekšējā dakša — front motorcycle fork

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In the “pitchfork” sense, the plural form dakšas is more frequently used than the singular form dakša, though the latter is still attested.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “dakša” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7