From Middle English *gloom, *glom, from Old English glōm (“gloaming, twilight, darkness”), from Proto-Germanic *glōmaz (“gleam, shimmer, sheen”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰel- (“to gleam, shimmer, glow”). Cognate with Norwegian glom (“transparent membrane”).
- Darkness, dimness or obscurity.
- the gloom of a forest, or of midnight
- 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
- Here was a surprise, and a sad one for me, for I perceived that I had slept away a day, and that the sun was setting for another night. And yet it mattered little, for night or daytime there was no light to help me in this horrible place; and though my eyes had grown accustomed to the gloom, I could make out nothing to show me where to work.
- A melancholy, depressing or despondent atmosphere.
- Cloudiness or heaviness of mind; melancholy; aspect of sorrow; low spirits; dullness.
- A sullen gloom and furious disorder prevailed by fits.
- A drying oven used in gunpowder manufacture.
- (intransitive) To be dark or gloomy.
- The black gibbet glooms beside the way.
- 1891, Mary Noailles Murfree, In the "Stranger People's" Country, Nebraska 2005, p. 189:
- Around all the dark forest gloomed.
- (intransitive) to look or feel sad, sullen or despondent.
- D. H. Lawrence
- Ciss was a big, dark-complexioned, pug-faced young woman who seemed to be glooming about something.
- D. H. Lawrence
- (transitive) To render gloomy or dark; to obscure; to darken.
- A bow window […] gloomed with limes.
- A black yew gloomed the stagnant air.
- (transitive) To fill with gloom; to make sad, dismal, or sullen.
- Such a mood as that which lately gloomed your fancy.
- What sorrows gloomed that parting day.
- To shine or appear obscurely or imperfectly; to glimmer.
- For usage examples of this term, see the citations page.