posthumous

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin posthumus, a variant spelling of postumus, superlative form of posterus ("coming after"), the "h" added by association with humus ("ground, earth") referring to burial.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɒs.tʃə.məs/, /ˈpɒs.tʃʊ.məs/

Adjective[edit]

posthumous (not comparable)

  1. (originally) Born after the death of one's father.
    Posthumous orphans never even knew their fathers.
  2. After the death of someone
    The posthumous Medal of Honor was given to the family of the soldier who died in battle.
    Usage note: Posthumous awards are made when the intended recipient dies as a result of the action which merits the award. Even a short time lag between the action and the decision may cause the award to be conferred after death or there may be a longer delay such as when a review board decides to confer an award decades after a war has ended but such awards while they may be post mortem (literally, "after death") are not posthumous awards.
  3. Taking place after one's own death
    Artists obscure during their life often receive posthumous recognition, too late for them to enjoy.
  4. In reference to a work, published after the author's death.
    His memoirs were his posthumous revenge on enemies he dared not take on alive.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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