sīlma

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See also: silmä

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *silmä, from Proto-Uralic *śilmä. Cognates include Finnish silmä, Estonian silm and Hungarian szem.

Noun[edit]

sīlma (plural sīlmad)

  1. (anatomy) eye
    • Tiit-Rein Viitso, Valts Ernštreits (2012–2013), Līvõkīel-ēstikīel-lețkīel sõnārōntõz, Tartu, Rīga: TÜ, LVA
      glōzizt sīlmad
      glassy eyes
      ku midāgõst um sīlmasõ, siz ta groužõb, vaimi põzāg sizālõs
      when something is in the eye, then it irritates, sharp grit inside [the eye]
      kaddõ siļmšti ~ kaddõ sīlmad jedstõ
      disappear from sight (lit. disappear from eyes)
      ma äb või tǟnda sīlma tutkāmõs kandatõ
      I can't stand him for anything / I hate his guts (lit. I can't stand him in the edge of my eyes ~ as soon as he enters my field of vision, it pisses me off)
      ku lǟb maggõm, siz äb või räukõ, ku tuļļizt kīņḑõld kitābõd siļmi, tīebõd sīlman slikțõ
      when [one] goes to sleep [one] cannot cry, because hot tears burn the eyes, they do harm to the eye
      ta vaņtliz min pǟlõ kõzzizt sīlmadõks
      he looked at me with angry eyes
      sīlmast (~ siļmšti) ulzõ laskõ
      let out of sight (lit. let out of eye ~ eyes)
      tämmõn um nǟr sīlmas
      he has a sty in (his) eye
      tämmõn kazīz nǟr silmõ
      he had a sty grow inside of (his) eye
      ma vaņtliz nōvõn siļmiz
      I was looking death in the eyes
      siļmõz vaņțlõ
      to look in the eye
      siļmi pilktõ (~ piltõ)
      to blink eyes
      siļmšt [siļmšti?] sōņi vȭlgidi
      neck deep in debt (lit. up to the eyes in debt)
      sīlmadõn lǟb pōmi pūol pǟlõ
      eyes roll back (lit. the left side goes over the eyes)
      min um jelāmõst tīedõ ja īd sīlmaks vakțõmõst tǟnda
      I have work to do and to look after him with one eye

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Term has variation in its locative forms. Alternative sg. illative form with -z, sg. inessive with -sõ, pl. illative with -iz, see quotations.