shrive

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English shriven, schrifen, from Old English scrīfan, from late Proto-Germanic *skrībaną, a late borrowing from Latin scrībō (write). Compare West Frisian skriuwe (to write), Low German schrieven (to write), Dutch schrijven (to write), German schreiben (to write), Danish skrive (to write), Swedish skriva (to write), Icelandic skrifa (to write). More at scribe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

shrive (third-person singular simple present shrives, present participle shriving, simple past shrived or shrove, past participle shrived or shriven)

  1. (transitive and intransitive) To hear or receive a confession (of sins etc.)
    • Shakespeare
      Doubtless he shrives this woman, [] / Else ne'er could he so long protract his speech.
    • Longfellow
      Till my guilty soul be shriven.
  2. (transitive) To prescribe penance or absolution.
  3. (intransitive or reflexive) To confess, and receive absolution.
    "Twas a good thought, boy, to come here and shrive", - The Croppy Boy, trad Irish song.

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