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ȹ U+0239, ȹ
Latin Extended-B Ⱥ


the q p ligature



  1. A ligature from the letters q and p.
  2. (IPA, unofficial) Voiceless labiodental plosive.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Middle English[edit]



  1. (siglum) Scribal abbreviation of quod.
    • 1387–1400, Geoffrey Chaucer, “The Freres Tale”, in The Canterbury Tales, [Westminster: William Caxton, published 1478], OCLC 230972125; republished in [William Thynne], editor, The Workes of Geffray Chaucer Newlye Printed, [], [London]: [] [Richard Grafton for] Iohn Reynes [], 1542, OCLC 932884868, folio xliiii, verso, column 1:
      I haue ȹ he, of ſommõs of the here a byl / Up payne of curſyng loke that thou be / To moꝛowe befoꝛe our Archdeacons kne
      I have (he said) a bill of summons here: / On pain of excommunication make sure that you appear / Tomorrow morning at the archdeacon's knee
    • 1554-1561, Unknown author, An A,B,C. for chyldren, folio B2, verso. London: in Poules churchyarde in the signe of the Swane : Ihon Kyng. Now in Oxford, Queen's College Library, Sel.d.81 (5)S117765.
      Here folow certain bꝛeuitatours yᵗ may be ſpelled alone, ⁊ ſome that cā not be ſpelled, but in other woꝛdes, and examples foꝛ the ſame.
      ā, am, an, ē, em, en, ī, im, in, ō, om, on, ū, um, un, ē. eēe, p̄, pꝛe, ꝓ, pꝛo, q̄, que, qⁱ, qui, qȝ. que, ȹ̄, quam, ȹ, quod, 4, rum, ṫ, ter, t̄, tur, ⁹c, con. m̄, n̄, ⁹.