Μίθρας

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Iranian *Miθra. Compare Avestan 𐬨𐬌𐬚𐬭𐬀 ‎(miθra)/𐬨𐬌𐬚𐬭𐬋 ‎(miθrō) (Miθra/Miθrō) and Late Old Persian 𐎷𐎰𐎼 (Miθra/Mitra). Proto-Indo-Iranian *mitra.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Μίθρᾱς ‎(Míthrāsm ‎(genitive Μίθρου); first declension

  1. Greek form of Iranian Mithra (e.g. Herodotus Histories I,131; Plutarch, Isis and Osiris 46.7)
  2. Greek name of the figures of various syncretic Helleno-Zoroastrian cults of Asia Minor (100 BC-200 AD)
  3. Greek form of Latin Mithras, cult figure of the Roman mystery religion that flourished between 100 and 400 AD.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Μίθρας in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,017