Mithras

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English[edit]

Mithras

Etymology[edit]

From Latin Mithras.

Proper noun[edit]

Mithras

  1. A Roman god, cult figure of the 2nd-4th century Roman mystery religion known as the "Mysteries of Mithras" (now colloquially Mithraism)

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably via Ancient Greek Μίθρας (Míthras), via some unattested Old Iranian intermediary, ultimately from vocative Avestan 𐬨𐬌𐬚𐬭𐬀 (Miθra) (cf. Mithra).

Until the 1970s, the character of Roman Mithras was widely assumed to be a continuation of that of Iranian Mithra (and thus also of Indo-Iranian *mitra). This notion is no longer followed today, and it is generally agreed that borrowing (e.g. of the name) does not constitute continuation.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Mithrās m (genitive Mithrae); first declension

  1. A Roman god, cult figure of the 2nd-4th century Roman mystery religion known as the "Mysteries of Mithras" (now colloquially Mithraism)