Τίγρης

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See also: τίγρης

Ancient Greek[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Old Persian 𐎫𐎡𐎥𐎼𐎠 (t-i-g-r-a /Tigrā/), from Elamite 𒋾𒅅𒊏 (ti-ig-ra), from Sumerian 𒀀𒇉𒈦𒄘𒃼 (ÍDIdigna, ÍDIdigina, literally fast as an arrow), because Tigris is rough and fast flowing compared to the neighboring Euphrates. Compare Middle Persian [script needed] (Arvand, Tigris, literally swift) (compare Avestan -𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬎𐬎𐬀𐬥𐬙(-auruuant)).[1] Compare also Akkadian 𒀀𒇉𒈦𒄘𒃼 (ÍDIdiqlat) from the same Sumerian word, borrowed into Classical Syriac ܕܩܠܬ(deqlāṯ), Old Armenian Դգլաթ (Dglatʿ), Arabic دِجْلَة(dijla), Hebrew חידקל \ חִדֶּקֶל(ḥiddéqel).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Proper noun[edit]

Τῐ́γρης (Tígrēsm (genitive Τῐ́γρητος); third declension

  1. the river Tigris

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Greek: Τίγρης (Tígris), Τίγρητας (Tígritas)
  • Armenian: Տիգրիս (Tigris)
  • Latin: Tigris

References[edit]

  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English–Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language[1], London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, page 1,028
  1. ^ Jahanshah Derakhshani, “Some Earliest Traces of the Aryan: Evidence from the 4th and 3rd Millennium B.C.”, Iran and the Caucasus, vol. 5 (Leiden: Brill, 2001), 11.