βάλσαμον

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of Semitic origin, borrowed from Hebrew בָּשָׂם(bāśām, sweet spice, sweet smell), the consonant sequence in Greek being explained as an attempt of rendering שׂ(ś) sounding back then [ɬ]; the semantic development may later have been attached to Aramaic and  Ancient North Arabian.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

βᾰ́λσᾰμον (bálsamonn (genitive βᾰλσᾰμου); second declension

  1. Arabian balsam tree (Commiphora gileadensis)
  2. balsam, the fragrant oil produced by this tree
  3. costmary (Tanacetum balsamita)

Inflection[edit]

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Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]