кучма

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Ukrainian[edit]

Тарас Шевченко в кучмі, Санкт-Петербург, 1859
Taras Shevchenko in a kuchma, Saint Petersburg, 1859

Etymology[edit]

Related to Old East Slavic кꙋчма (kučma), Russian ку́чма (kúčma), Belarusian ку́чма (kúčma), Polish kuczma, Czech kučma, Slovak kučma, Serbo-Croatian ку̑чма / kȗčma, Slovene kúčma, Bulgarian ку́чма (kúčma), кушма́ (kušmá), and probably inherited from Proto-Slavic *kučьma, which is related to Proto-Slavic *kukъma (whence Serbo-Croatian kȕkma (crest, tuft)), *kuča, *kučerъ (whence Ukrainian ку́чері (kúčeri, curled hair)), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *kewk- (to bend).

A borrowing from Hungarian kucsma has also been proposed, but the Hungarian word is attested since 1682 only and more likely is itself a Slavic borrowing. Other borrowings from Slavic languages include Romanian cúșmă, cúcimă, Moldovan ку́чмэ, Yiddish קוטשמע(kutshme).

Noun[edit]

ку́чма (kúčmaf inan (genitive ку́чми, nominative plural ку́чми)

  1. a tall sheepskin hat

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Berneker, Erich (1908–1913) Slavisches etymologisches Wörterbuch (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Winter, page 637
  • кучма in Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980) Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka
  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1967), “кучма”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume II, translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress, page 438
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1986), “кучма”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume III, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, pages 172
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1986), “кушма”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume III, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, pages 176
  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1989), “кучма”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volume III, Kiev: Naukova Dumka, pages 168–169
  • Skok, Petar (1972), “kučma”, in Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika (in Serbo-Croatian), volume II, Zagreb: JAZU, pages 220–221