молния

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Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old East Slavic мълниꙗ (mŭlnija), мълнии (mŭlnii), from Proto-Slavic *mъlnьji[1] or *mьlnьji[1], from earlier *mъldnьji[1] or *mъldni[2], from Proto-Balto-Slavic *mild-n-, from Proto-Indo-European *ml̥dʰ-n- (lightning).

Slavic cognates include Serbo-Croatian муња (munja), Bulgarian мълния (mǎlnija), Polabian måuńa. Probable cognates outside Slavic include Lithuanian milna (hammer of Pērkons), Old Prussian mealde, Welsh mellt (lightning), Old Norse Mjǫllnir (hammer of Thor).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈmolnʲɪjə]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

мо́лния (mólnijaf inan (genitive мо́лнии, nominative plural мо́лнии, genitive plural мо́лний)

  1. lightning
  2. zipper, zip, zip fastener
  3. express telegram
  4. (slang) cigarette lighter

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “молния”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “молния”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 539