աշխոյժ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Certainly an Iranian borrowing, but the exact source is unclear.

According to Périkhanian, from Middle Median *axšōβž or *axšuβž, from Proto-Iranian *xšub- (to become excited; to be in commotion); compare Avestan 𐬑𐬱𐬀𐬊𐬠- (xšaob-, agitate), Sanskrit क्षुभ्यति (kṣúbhyati, shake). The Median word was borrowed into Manichaean Middle Persian as ʾxšwz (axšōz, striving).

According to Ałayan, from an Iranian compound *xšaoǰa (having power, mighty), ultimately from Proto-Iranian *xšaH- (to rule, be lord of) (whence Avestan 𐬑𐬱𐬁- (xšā-, to be able; rule, be lord of)) and *auǰah- (strength, power) (whence ոյժ (oyž)).

Adjective[edit]

աշխոյժ (ašxoyž)

  1. ardent, spirited, lively, sprightly, mettlesome, fiery; adroit, skilful; alert, vigilant
    աշխոյժ ձիašxoyž jispirited horse

Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

աշխոյժ (ašxoyž)

  1. (in the plural) vivacity

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “աշխոյժ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “աշխոյժ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “աշխոյժ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Perixanjan, Anait (1993) Materialy k etimologičeskomu slovarju drevnearmjanskovo jazyka. Častʹ I [Materials for the Etymological Dictionary of the Old Armenian Language. Part 1] (in Russian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 17
  • Ałayan, Ēduard (1974) Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 23