արծաթ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian արծաթ (arcatʻ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

արծաթ (arcatʻ)

  1. silver
  2. silver coin
  3. silver object

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

արծաթ (arcatʻ)

  1. silver, silvern, made of silver
    արծաթ լարերarcatʻ larersilver strings
  2. silvery, of silver color
  3. silvery (of voice)
    արծաթ ծիծաղarcatʻ cicaġsilvery laughter

Declension[edit]

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóm (silver); the expected reflex is Proto-Armenian *arcant-Old Armenian *արծան(դ) (*arcan(d)), but the ending was reshaped under the influence of երկաթ (erkatʻ, iron).[1][2][3]

Alternatively, a very old borrowing from Indo-Iranian (3rd–2nd millennium BC) or Old Iranian (first half of the 1st millennium BC), from the same Proto-Indo-European word: compare Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 (a-r-d-t /⁠ardata⁠/, silver).[3]

See also արծնեմ (arcnem) and արծարծեմ (arcarcem).

Noun[edit]

արծաթ (arcatʻ)

  1. silver
    քերել զարծաթkʻerel zarcatʻto take or wear the silver off
    անօթ արծաթոյanōtʻ arcatʻoya silver-vase
    արծաթ կենդանիarcatʻ kendanimercury, quicksilver
  2. silverware
  3. coin, money
    արծաթոյ տալ, վաճառելarcatʻoy tal, vačaṙelto sell for ready money
  4. (figuratively) wealth, riches

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: արծաթ (arcatʻ)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 424
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʻeay (1971) “արծաթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 317–318
  3. 3.0 3.1 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) “arcatʿ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden and Boston: Brill, page 138

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʻean, G., Siwrmēlean, X., Awgerean, M. (1836–1837) “արծաթ”, in Nor baṙgirkʻ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, Matatʻeay (1879) “արծաթ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʻ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Thorsø, Rasmus (2023) Prehistoric loanwords in Armenian: Hurro-Urartian, Kartvelian, and the unclassified substrate[1], PhD dissertation, Leiden University, page 82