արծաթ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian արծաթ (arcatʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

արծաթ (arcatʿ)

  1. silver
  2. silver coin
  3. silver object

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

արծաթ (arcatʿ)

  1. silver, made of silver
    արծաթ լարերarcatʿ larersilver strings
  2. silvery, of silver color
  3. silvery (of voice)
    արծաթ ծիծաղarcatʿ cicałsilvery laughter

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóm (silver), which should have yielded Proto-Armenian *arcant-Old Armenian *արծան(դ) (*arcan(d)), whose ending was modified under the influence of երկաթ (erkatʿ, iron).[1][2][3]

Alternatively, a very old borrowing from Indo-Iranian (3rd–2nd millennium BC) or Old Iranian (first half of the 1st millennium BC), from the same Proto-Indo-European word: compare Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 (ardata, silver).[3]

See also արծնեմ (arcnem) and արծարծեմ (arcarcem).

Noun[edit]

արծաթ (arcatʿ)

  1. silver
    քերել զարծաթkʿerel zarcatʿto take or wear the silver off
    անօթ արծաթոյanōtʿ arcatʿoya silver-vase
    արծաթ կենդանիarcatʿ kendanimercury, quicksilver
  2. silverware
  3. coin, money
    արծաթոյ տալ, վաճառելarcatʿoy tal, vačaṙelto sell for ready money
  4. (figuratively) wealth, riches

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1940) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun [History of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), volume I, Yerevan: University Press, pages 40–41
  2. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “արծաթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  3. 3.0 3.1 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “arcatʿ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 138

Further reading[edit]

  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “արծաթ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “արծաթ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy