արծաթ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian արծաթ ‎(arcatʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

արծաթ ‎(arcatʿ)

  1. silver
  2. silver coin
  3. silver object

Declension[edit]

Adjective[edit]

արծաթ ‎(arcatʿ)

  1. silver, made of silver
    արծաթ լարեր‎ ― arcatʿ larer ― silver strings
  2. silvery, of silver color
  3. silvery (of voice)
    արծաթ ծիծաղ‎ ― arcatʿ cicał ― silvery laughter

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *h₂rǵnto- ‎(silver), which yielded Proto-Armenian *arcant-, whose ending was modified under the influence of երկաթ ‎(erkatʿ, iron). In this case cognate with Latin argentum, Sanskrit रजत ‎(rajatá, silver; silvery), Avestan 𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬙𐬀 ‎(ərəzata, silver), Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 ‎(ardata, silver), Old Irish argat and Ancient Greek ἄργυρος ‎(árguros).

Alternatively, according to Martirosyan, a very old Indo-Iranian (3rd–2nd millennium BC) or an Old Iranian (first half of the 1st millennium BC) borrowing.

See also արծնեմ ‎(arcnem) and արծարծեմ ‎(arcarcem).

Noun[edit]

արծաթ ‎(arcatʿ)

  1. silver
    քերել զարծաթ‎ ― kʿerel zarcatʿ ― to take or wear the silver off
    անօթ արծաթոյ‎ ― anōtʿ arcatʿoy ― a silver-vase
    արծաթ կենդանի‎ ― arcatʿ kendani ― mercury, quicksilver
  2. silverware
  3. coin, money
    արծաթոյ տալ, վաճառել‎ ― arcatʿoy tal, vačaṙel ― to sell for ready money
  4. (figuratively) wealth, riches

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “արծաթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010), “arcatʿ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 138
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “արծաթ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “արծաթ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy