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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *h₂erǵ- (white, argent, glittering). Probably entered the vocabulary with the meaning 'white metal, (probably) silver' around 3,500 BC. [1]


*h₂r̥ǵn̥tóm n[2][3]

  1. silver


nominative *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóm
genitive *h₂r̥ǵn̥tósyo
singular dual plural
nominative *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóm *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóy(h₁) *h₂r̥ǵn̥téh₂
vocative *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóm *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóy(h₁) *h₂r̥ǵn̥téh₂
accusative *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóm *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóy(h₁) *h₂r̥ǵn̥téh₂
genitive *h₂r̥ǵn̥tósyo *? *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóoHom
ablative *h₂r̥ǵn̥téad *? *h₂r̥ǵn̥tómos
dative *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóey *? *h₂r̥ǵn̥tómos
locative *h₂r̥ǵn̥téy, *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóy *? *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóysu
instrumental *h₂r̥ǵn̥tóh₁ *? *h₂r̥ǵn̥tṓys



  1. ^ Mallory, James P. (1984) , “Proto-Indo-European Silver”, in Zeitschrift für vergleichende Sprachforschung[1], volume 1, issue 97, Göttingen: Vandenhoek und Ruprecht, retrieved 2018 May 7, pages 1–12
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013) , “akra- 2”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 18: “h₂reǵ-nt-o-”
  3. 3.0 3.1 Delamarre, Xavier (2003) , “*arganto-”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 3rd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 41: “h₂erǵnto-"”
  4. 4.0 4.1 Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 138–139
  5. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2000) Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume I, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, page 231
  6. ^ , Kent, Ronald G; Old Persian, Grammer, Text, Lexicon; Univerity of pennysilvania; 1950 p:171.
  7. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) , “argentum”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 53: “*argento-”