գիւղ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. The older spelling is either գեւղ ‎(gewł) or գեղ ‎(geł). Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *wel- ‎(to crowd together) with a semantic shift ‘crowd’ → ‘village’ and cognate with Ancient Greek εἰλέω ‎(eiléō, to assemble), ἁλία ‎(halía, assembly of people); the nominative would be from Proto-Indo-European *wél-ōy, the genitive գեղջ ‎(gełǰ) from Proto-Indo-European *wel-y-ós.

Ačaṙean explains the genitive-dative գեղջ ‎(gełǰ) by contraction from *գեւեղ ‎(*geweł), the supposed regular genitive-dative of r-type գեւղ ‎(gewł), with the addition of the “augmentative genitive-dative marker” ‎(). See also ալիւր ‎(aliwr), -ոջ ‎(-oǰ).

Noun[edit]

գիւղ ‎(giwł)

  1. village; country
    գնալ, բնակել ի գիւղ‎ ― gnal, bnakel i giwł ― to go to or live in the country

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “գիւղ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “գիւղ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “գիւղ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Ačaṙyan, Hračʿya (1944), “Haykakankʿ A [Armeniaca I]”, in Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR: Social Sciences[1] (in Armenian), volume 5, page 29
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1979), “Haykakankʿ (Armeniaca)”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume IV, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 628a
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 217