դանդաղ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian դանդաղ (dandał).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

դանդաղ (dandał)

  1. slow
    դանդաղ մեքենաdandał mekʿena — slow car
  2. (dialectal) slow, dim-witted, stupid

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

դանդաղ (dandał)

  1. slowly
    դանդաղ քայլելdandał kʿaylel — to walk slowly

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • դանդաղ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, pages 620–621

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain. Ačaṙyan does not accept any of the etymologies, specifying only that this is a reduplication of an unknown root *դաղ (*dał). Ałayan derives from Proto-Indo-European *dʰel- (to tremble), with Norwegian dialectal dalla, dulla (to walk on tiptoe; to trip), Dutch dallen (to amble), Norwegian dilte (to jog along) as cognates. Having initially accepted Ałayan's etymology, J̌ahukyan later, stressing the “slow, dim, stupid” sense of դանդաղ (dandał) found in dialects, derives it from Proto-Indo-European *dʰandʰəlo-, from a hypothetical root *dʰandʰ- (slow, lazy, stupid) reconstructed by him on the basis of Pali [script?] (dhandha, dull, slow). The origin of the latter is considered uncertain by Mayrhofer.

Adjective[edit]

դանդաղ (dandał

  1. slow, tardy, idle, heavy

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • դանդաղ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • դանդաղ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • դանդաղ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University, volume I, pages 620–621
  • Ēduard Ałayan (1974), Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 58
  • Geworg J̌ahukyan (1991), Stugabanutʿyunner [Etymologies]. In: Patma-Banasirakan Handes 1991, No. 2: 36–44, page 38
  • Manfred Mayrhofer (1956–1980), Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen. A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary, in 4 vols, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, volume II, page 91
  • դանդաղ” in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 183a