դանդաղ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian դանդաղ ‎(dandał).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

դանդաղ ‎(dandał) ‎(superlative ամենադանդաղ)

  1. slow
    դանդաղ մեքենաdandał mekʿena ― slow car
  2. (dialectal) slow, dim-witted, stupid

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

դանդաղ ‎(dandał)

  1. slowly
    դանդաղ քայլելdandał kʿaylel ― to walk slowly

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • դանդաղ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume I, pages 620–621

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Ačaṙyan does not accept any of the etymologies, specifying only that this is a reduplication of an unknown root *դաղ ‎(*dał).

Ałayan derives from Proto-Indo-European *dʰel- ‎(to tremble), with Norwegian dialectal dalla, dulla ‎(to walk on tiptoe; to trip), Dutch dallen ‎(to amble), Norwegian dilte ‎(to jog along) as cognates.

Having initially accepted Ałayan's etymology, J̌ahukyan later, stressing the “slow, dim, stupid” sense of դանդաղ ‎(dandał) found in dialects, derives it from Proto-Indo-European *dʰandʰəlo-, from a hypothetical root *dʰandʰ- ‎(slow, lazy, stupid) reconstructed by him on the basis of Pali dhandha ‎(dull, slow). The origin of the latter is considered uncertain by Mayrhofer.

Adjective[edit]

դանդաղ ‎(dandał

  1. slow, tardy, idle, heavy

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • դանդաղ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • դանդաղ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • դանդաղ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume I, pages 620–621
  • Ēduard Ałayan (1974), Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies], Yerevan: Academy of Sciences of the Armenian SSR, page 58
  • Geworg J̌ahukyan (1991), Stugabanutʿyunner [Etymologies]. In: Patma-Banasirakan Handes 1991, No. 2: 36–44, page 38
  • Manfred Mayrhofer (1956–1980), Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen. A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary, in 4 vols, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, volume II, page 91
  • դանդաղ in Geworg J̌ahukyan (ed. by Vahan Sargsyan) (2010), Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary], Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 183a