դանդաղ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian դանդաղ (dandał).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

դանդաղ (dandał) (superlative ամենադանդաղ)

  1. slow
    դանդաղ մեքենաdandał mekʿenaslow car
  2. (dialectal) slow, dim-witted, stupid

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

դանդաղ (dandał)

  1. slowly
    դանդաղ քայլելdandał kʿaylelto walk slowly

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Ačaṙyan does not accept any of the etymologies, specifying only that this is a reduplication of an unknown root *դաղ (*dał).

Ałayan derives from Proto-Indo-European *dʰel- (to tremble), with Norwegian dialectal dalla, dulla (to walk on tiptoe; to trip), Dutch dallen (to amble), Norwegian dilte (to jog along) as cognates.

Having initially accepted Ałayan's etymology, J̌ahukyan later, stressing the “slow, dim, stupid” sense of դանդաղ (dandał) found in dialects, derives it from Proto-Indo-European *dʰandʰəlo-, from a hypothetical root *dʰandʰ- (slow, lazy, stupid) reconstructed by him on the basis of Pali dhandha (dull, slow). The origin of the latter is considered uncertain by Mayrhofer.

Adjective[edit]

դանդաղ (dandał)

  1. slow, tardy, idle, heavy

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “դանդաղ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “դանդաղ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “դանդաղ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 620–621
  • Ałayan, Ēduard (1974) Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 58
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1991), “Stugabanutʿyunner [Etymologies]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal][1] (in Armenian), issue 2, page 38
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1963) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 91
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “դանդաղ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 183a