դանդաղ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian դանդաղ ‎(dandał).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

դանդաղ ‎(dandał) ‎(superlative ամենադանդաղ)

  1. slow
    դանդաղ մեքենա‎ ― dandał mekʿena ― slow car
  2. (dialectal) slow, dim-witted, stupid

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

դանդաղ ‎(dandał)

  1. slowly
    դանդաղ քայլել‎ ― dandał kʿaylel ― to walk slowly

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is uncertain.

Ačaṙyan does not accept any of the etymologies, specifying only that this is a reduplication of an unknown root *դաղ ‎(*dał).

Ałayan derives from Proto-Indo-European *dʰel- ‎(to tremble), with Norwegian dialectal dalla, dulla ‎(to walk on tiptoe; to trip), Dutch dallen ‎(to amble), Norwegian dilte ‎(to jog along) as cognates.

Having initially accepted Ałayan's etymology, J̌ahukyan later, stressing the “slow, dim, stupid” sense of դանդաղ ‎(dandał) found in dialects, derives it from Proto-Indo-European *dʰandʰəlo-, from a hypothetical root *dʰandʰ- ‎(slow, lazy, stupid) reconstructed by him on the basis of Pali dhandha ‎(dull, slow). The origin of the latter is considered uncertain by Mayrhofer.

Adjective[edit]

դանդաղ ‎(dandał)

  1. slow, tardy, idle, heavy

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “դանդաղ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “դանդաղ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “դանդաղ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, pages 620–621
  • Ałayan, Ēduard (1974) Baṙakʿnnakan ew stugabanakan hetazotutʿyunner [Lexicological and Etymological Studies] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 58
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1991), “Stugabanutʿyunner [Etymologies]”, in Patma-banasirakan handes [Historical-Philological Journal][1] (in Armenian), issue 2, page 38
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1963) Kurzgefasstes Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindischen [A Concise Etymological Sanskrit Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 91
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “դանդաղ”, in Sargsyan, Vahan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, ISBN 978-9939-50-121-5, page 183a