դէմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Iranian borrowing. Compare Manichaean Parthian dym(dēm, face), Manichaean Middle Persian dym(dēm, face), Persian دیم(dīm, face), Balochi دیم(dem, face), Northern Kurdish dêm(face), Avestan [script needed](daēman-, eye, look, sight).

Noun[edit]

դէմ ‎(dēm)

  1. face; front, face (of an object); person; appearance; sight; manner, fashion, form; regard, consideration
    դեղնեալ/այլագունեալ դէմք‎ ― dełneal/aylaguneal dēmkʿ ― pale countenance
    առոյգ դէմք‎ ― aṙoyg dēmkʿ ― florid countenance
    տխուր դէմք‎ ― txur dēmkʿ ― sad countenance
    զուարթ դէմք‎ ― zuartʿ dēmkʿ ― serene countenance
    խոժոռ դէմք‎ ― xožoṙ dēmkʿ ― severe countenance
    խորշոմ դէմք‎ ― xoršom dēmkʿ ― wrinkled countenance
    մեռելատիպ դէմք‎ ― meṙelatip dēmkʿ ― livid countenance
    այլանդակեալ դէմք‎ ― aylandakeal dēmkʿ ― disfigured countenance
    դեղնեալ դէմք‎ ― dełneal dēmkʿ ― pale countenance
    դեղնեալ դէմք‎ ― dełneal dēmkʿ ― pale countenance
    դէմ դնել‎ ― dēm dnel ― to propose, to purpose, to design
    զդէմ ունել‎ ― zdēm unel ― to oppose, to resist, to face, to endure, to thwart, to cross
    ի դիմի/զդիմի հարկանիլ‎ ― i dimi/zdimi harkanil ― to encounter, to assail, to attack; to strike, to oppose
    դէմ ընդդէմ‎ ― dēm ənddēm ― opposite; directly, diametrically
    դէմ յանդիման‎ ― dēm yandiman ― before, opposite, in presence; publicly, openly, in face
    դէմ ի դէմ, դէմ առ դէմ‎ ― dēm i dēm, dēm aṙ dēm ― face to face, man to man
    ի դիմի‎ ― i dimi ― before, opposite to
    դէմք բայից‎ ― dēmkʿ bayicʿ ― the persons of verbs
    դէմք դերանուանց‎ ― dēmkʿ deranuancʿ ― the persons of pronouns
    ի դիմաց‎ ― i dimacʿ ― in front, before
    ասա՛ նմա ի դիմաց իմոց‎ ― asá nma i dimacʿ imocʿ ― tell him from me
    ի դէմս ածել‎ ― i dēms acel ― to represent, to remonstrate; to reproach, to object
    դիմիւ ելանել‎ ― dimiw elanel ― to run up to one
    յամենայն դէմս‎ ― yamenayn dēms ― thoroughly

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

Usually used in the plural.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “դէմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “դէմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “դէմ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935