դէմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Iranian borrowing. Compare Manichaean Parthian dym (dēm, face), Manichaean Middle Persian dym (dēm, face), Persian دیم (dīm, face), Baluchi دیم (dem, face), Northern Kurdish dêm (face), Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬨𐬀𐬥 (daēman, eye, look, sight).

Noun[edit]

դէմ (dēm)

  1. face; front, face (of an object); person; appearance; sight; manner, fashion, form; regard, consideration
    դեղնեալ/այլագունեալ դէմքdełneal/aylaguneal dēmkʿpale countenance
    առոյգ դէմքaṙoyg dēmkʿflorid countenance
    տխուր դէմքtxur dēmkʿsad countenance
    զուարթ դէմքzuartʿ dēmkʿserene countenance
    խոժոռ դէմքxožoṙ dēmkʿsevere countenance
    խորշոմ դէմքxoršom dēmkʿwrinkled countenance
    մեռելատիպ դէմքmeṙelatip dēmkʿlivid countenance
    այլանդակեալ դէմքaylandakeal dēmkʿdisfigured countenance
    դեղնեալ դէմքdełneal dēmkʿpale countenance
    դեղնեալ դէմքdełneal dēmkʿpale countenance
    դէմ դնելdēm dnelto propose, to purpose, to design
    զդէմ ունելzdēm unelto oppose, to resist, to face, to endure, to thwart, to cross
    ի դիմի/զդիմի հարկանիլi dimi/zdimi harkanilto encounter, to assail, to attack; to strike, to oppose
    դէմ ընդդէմdēm ənddēmopposite; directly, diametrically
    դէմ յանդիմանdēm yandimanbefore, opposite, in presence; publicly, openly, in face
    դէմ ի դէմ, դէմ առ դէմdēm i dēm, dēm aṙ dēmface to face, man to man
    ի դիմիi dimibefore, opposite to
    դէմք բայիցdēmkʿ bayicʿthe persons of verbs
    դէմք դերանուանցdēmkʿ deranuancʿthe persons of pronouns
    ի դիմացi dimacʿin front, before
    ասա՛ նմա ի դիմաց իմոցasá nma i dimacʿ imocʿtell him from me
    ի դէմս ածելi dēms acelto represent, to remonstrate; to reproach, to object
    դիմիւ ելանելdimiw elanelto run up to one
    յամենայն դէմսyamenayn dēmsthoroughly

Usage notes[edit]

Usually used in the plural.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “դէմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “դէմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “դէմ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press