երազ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian երազ ‎(eraz).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

երազ ‎(eraz)

  1. dream (imaginary events seen while sleeping)
    երազ տեսնել‎ ― eraz tesnel ― to dream, have a dream

Declension[edit]

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

An Iranian borrowing.[1] Compare Middle Persian lʾc ‎(rāz), Manichaean Middle Persian rʾz ‎(rāz), Manichaean Parthian rʾz ‎(rāz), Persian راز ‎(râz, secret, mystery). This etymology is rejected by Hübschmann[2] and Ačaṙean[3] because of the difference in meaning, but compare Classical Syriac ܐܪܙܐ from the same Iranian source with closer meanings.

Noun[edit]

երազ ‎(eraz

  1. dream (imaginary events seen while sleeping)
    երազ տեսանել‎ ― eraz tesanel ― to dream, to have a dream, to dream a dream
    եւ ոչ յերազի անգամ տեսանել‎ ― ew očʿ yerazi angam tesanel ― not even to dream of
    գեղեցիկ երազս տեսանել‎ ― gełecʿik erazs tesanel ― to have pleasant, or bright dreams
    ցնորք զահանդելի խօլական երազոց‎ ― cʿnorkʿ zahandeli xōlakan erazocʿ ― spectres or monstrous visions, dreadful, ghastly, frightful dreams
    յերազս լինել, յերազի անցք անցանել‎ ― yerazs linel, yerazi ancʿkʿ ancʿanel ― to have a nocturnal pollution, a lascivious dream
    երազ է կեանք մարդոյ‎ ― eraz ē keankʿ mardoy ― life is but a dream

Declension[edit]

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Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Birgit Anette Olsen (1999), The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 878
  2. ^ Heinrich Hübschmann (1897), Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie, Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 147
  3. ^ երազ in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan], volume II, pages 33–34

Sources[edit]

  • երազ in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • երազ in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy