թաթ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian թաթ (tʿatʿ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

թաթ (tʿatʿ)

  1. paw
  2. hand; foot
  3. scale (either of the pans, trays, or dishes of a balance or scales)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Ačaṙean and Olsen leave the origin open.

J̌ahukyan derives from Proto-Indo-European *teh₂g-t-, enlarged from the root *teh₂g- (to touch), whence Latin tangō (to touch), etc. Alternatively, according to him we may be dealing with a Lallwort with parallels in Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages.

Noun[edit]

թաթ (tʿatʿ)

  1. sole (of the foot); palm (of the hand)
    թաթ ոտիցtʿatʿ oticʿfoot; the sole of the foot
    թաթ կենդանեացtʿatʿ kendaneacʿpaw, claw, talon
    թաթ երկաթիtʿatʿ erkatʿigauntlet
    • 5th century, Bible, Deuteronomy 28.35:
      Հարցէ զքեզ Տէր չարաչար կեղով ի ծունկս եւ ի սրունս, եւ ոչ կարասցես բժշկել ի թաթից ոտից քոց մինչեւ ցգլուխ քո։
      Harcʿē zkʿez Tēr čʿaračʿar kełov i cunks ew i sruns, ew očʿ karascʿes bžškel i tʿatʿicʿ oticʿ kʿocʿ minčʿew cʿglux kʿo.
      The Lord shall smite thee in the knees, and in the legs, with a sore botch that cannot be healed, from the sole of thy foot unto the top of thy head.
    • 5th? century, Movsēs Xorenacʿi, Patmutʿiwn Hayocʿ [History of Armenia] 3.53:
      Եւ տեսանէ ոչ ի քուն երազ եւ ոչ յարթնութեան տեսիլ, այլ ի սրտին գործարանի երեւութացեալ հոգւոյն աչաց թաթ ձեռին աջոյ՝ գրելով ի վերայ վիմի []
      Ew tesanē očʿ i kʿun eraz ew očʿ yartʿnutʿean tesil, ayl i srtin gorcarani erewutʿacʿeal hogwoyn ačʿacʿ tʿatʿ jeṙin aǰoy, grelov i veray vimi []
      • 1978 translation by Robert W. Thompson
        And he saw not a dream in sleep, not a vision while awake, but in the depths of his heart there appeared to the eyes of his soul a right hand writing on rock []
    • Čaṙəntir [Miscellanies cited by NHB] :
      Առիւծքն թաթիւքն զոտսն մաքրէին [սրբոյն] []
      Aṙiwckʿn tʿatʿiwkʿn zotsn makʿrēin [srboyn] []
      The lions were cleaning the feet [of the saint] with paws []
  2. (post-classical) scale (either of the pans, trays, or dishes of a balance or scales)
    թաթ կշռոցtʿatʿ kšṙocʿscale
  3. (post-classical) pouch of the sling

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “թաթ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836), “թաթ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), volume I, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 790ab
  • Awgerean, Mkrtičʿ (1865), “թաթ”, in Aṙjeṙn baṙaran haykaznean lezui [Pocket Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Armenian), corrected and expanded by Grigor Čēlalean, 2nd edition, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy, page 316b
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “թաթ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 137
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 409
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 940
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (2010), “թաթ”, in Vahan Sargsyan, editor, Hayeren stugabanakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Asoghik, page 253