թշնամի

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian թշնամի(tʿšnami). A doublet of դուշման(dušman).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

թշնամի (tʿšnami)

  1. enemy
    Թշնամուս թշնամին իմ դաշնակիցը չէ։‎ ― Tʿšnamus tʿšnamin im dašnakicʿə čʿē.My enemy's enemy is not my ally.

Declension[edit]


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *թշման(*tʿšman) (under the influence of թշնամ-(tʿšnam-)), from *դշման(*dšman), from Iranian, +‎ (-i). Compare Manichaean Parthian dwšmn, dwšmyn(dušmen, enemy), Persian دشمن(došman, enemy); see there for more.

Noun[edit]

թշնամի (tʿšnami)

  1. enemy, foe, adversary, opponent, antagonist
    աներեւույթ/հասարակաց թշնամի‎ ― anerewuytʿ/hasarakacʿ tʿšnamithe Devil, the invisible enemy of mankind, demon
    թշնամի լինել‎ ― tʿšnami linelto become hostile; to be hostile
    լինել ումեք ի թշնամի յաւիտենից‎ ― linel umekʿ i tʿšnami yawitenicʿto be one's eternal enemy
    թշնամիս յարուցանել‎ ― tʿšnamis yarucʿanelto raise up enemies
    թշնամիք առն ընտանիք իւր‎ ― tʿšnamikʿ aṙn əntanikʿ iwra man's foes shall be they of his own household
    ընտանի թշնամի‎ ― əntani tʿšnamiintestine foe

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “թշնամի”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “թշնամի”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “թշնամի”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 526