دشمن

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Azerbaijani[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic дүшмән
Roman düşmən
Perso-Arabic دوشمن, دشمن

Noun[edit]

دشمن (düşmən) (definite accusative دشمنی(düşməni), plural دشمنلر(düşmənlər))

  1. Arabic spelling of düşmən (enemy)

Declension[edit]


Baluchi[edit]

Noun[edit]

دشمن (dušman)

  1. enemy

See also[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian دشمن(došman).

Noun[edit]

دشمن (düşmen)

  1. enemy, foe

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (dwšmn'), [Book Pahlavi needed] (dwšmyn'), 𐫅𐫇𐫢𐫖𐫏𐫗(dwšmyn /dušmēn/, enemy), from Proto-Iranian *dušmánah, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dus- (bad) + *men- (mind).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian دشمن
Iranian Persian
Tajik душман (dušman)

دشمن (došman) (plural دشمنان(došmanân))

  1. enemy

Inflection[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Borrowed terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “թշնամի”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, pages 191–192

Punjabi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian دشمن(došman).

Noun[edit]

دشمن (dshmnm (Gurmukhi spelling ਦੁਸ਼ਮਣ)

  1. enemy, villain



Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Persian دشمن(došman).

Noun[edit]

دشمن (duśmanm (Hindi spelling दुश्मन)

  1. enemy, foe

Related terms[edit]