دشمن

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Azeri[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic дүшмән
Roman düşmən
Perso-Arabic دوشمن, دشمن

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دشمن ‎(dušman).

Noun[edit]

دشمن ‎(düşmən) ‎(definite accusative دشمنی ‎(düşməni), plural دشمنلر ‎(düşmənlər))

  1. enemy

Declension[edit]


Baluchi[edit]

Noun[edit]

دشمن ‎(dušman)

  1. enemy

See also[edit]


Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دشمن ‎(došman).

Noun[edit]

دشمن ‎(düşmen)

  1. enemy, foe

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian dwšmn', dwšmyn' ‎(*dušmen, enemy), Manichaean Middle Persian dwšmyn ‎(*dušmen, enemy), an old compound from at least Indo-Iranian period originally meaning "evil-minded"; cognate to Manichaean Parthian dwšmn, dwšmyn ‎(*dušmen, enemy), Old Armenian loanword թշնամի ‎(tʿšnami, enemy), Avestan [script needed] ‎(duž-manah-, duš-manah-, evil-minded), Sanskrit दुर्मन्मन् ‎(dur-mánman, evil-minded), and probably also the Ancient Greek formation δυσ-μενής ‎(dus-menḗs, adverse, bad).

The component parts go back to Proto-Indo-European *dus- ‎(bad) and *ménos ‎(mind), from the root *men- ‎(to think).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari دشمن
Iranian Persian دشمن
Tajik душман ‎(dušman)

دشمن ‎(došman) ‎(plural دشمنان ‎(došmanân))

  1. enemy

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian دشمن ‎(došman).

Noun[edit]

دشمن ‎(duśmanm ‎(Hindi spelling दुश्मन)

  1. enemy, foe

Related terms[edit]