душман

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Macedonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دشمان (düşman), from Persian دشمن (došman).

Noun[edit]

душман (dušmanm (plural душмани)

  1. enemy, fiend (an aggressive one)

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دشمان (düşman), from Persian دشمن (došman).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

душма́н (dušmánm anim (genitive душма́на, nominative plural душма́ны, genitive plural душма́нов)

  1. (Turkestan, Afghanistan) mujahid, enemy

Declension[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish دشمان (düşman), from Persian دشمن (došman). Akin to душма̀нлук and ди̑н-ду̏шман.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (dùšmān): IPA(key): /dûʃman/
  • (dùšmān): IPA(key): /dǔʃmaːn/
  • Hyphenation: душ‧ман

Noun[edit]

ду̏шман m (Latin spelling dȕšman) or ду̀шма̄н m (Latin spelling dùšmān)

  1. (expressively) enemy

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • душман” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Abdulah Škaljić (1966), Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Svjetlost: Sarajevo, page 229

Tajik[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian دشمن
Iranian Persian دشمن
Tajiki Persian душман (dušman)

душман (dušman) (plural душманон)

  1. enemy
    Баъд аз 3 соли ҷанг бо душманони дохиливу хориҷӣ болшевикон тавонистанд ҳакимятро дар собиқ Империяи Русия ба даст оранд.Baʾd az 3 soli jang bo dušmanoni doxilivu xorijī bolševikon tavonistand hakimyatro dar sobiq Imperiyayi Rusiya ba dast orand.(please add an English translation of this usage example)

Inflection[edit]

Related terms[edit]