Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/dušmánah

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This Proto-Iranian entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Iranian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *dušmánas, from Proto-Indo-European *dusménes. Equivalent to *duš- (bad) +‎ *mánah (mind, thought). Cognate with Sanskrit: दुर्मनास् m (durmanā́s, ill-dispositioned), दुर्मनस् n (durmanas, sad, melancholy).

Adjective[edit]

*dušmánah n[1]

  1. ill-dispositioned, hostile
  2. (substantive) enemy

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rastorgujeva, V. S.; Edelʹman, D. I. (2000), “*¹dauš-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume 1, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 410-419