իջանեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root *էջ- (*ēǰ-, to come/go down, descend; to stay overnight; to calm down), probably from Proto-Indo-European *h₁e/oi-gʰ, +‎ -ան- (-an-). Cognate with Ancient Greek οἴχομαι (oíkhomai, to go (away), leave, disappear), οἰχνέω (oikhnéō, to go, come, walk, approach), Lithuanian eigà (course), Old Irish oegi (guest). Armenian demonstrates a semantic shift ‘to go’ → ‘to go down’.

Verb[edit]

իջանեմ (iǰanem)

  1. (intransitive) to descend; to fall; to decline; to sink; to light, to sit down
    իջանել ի նաւէiǰanel i nawēto disembark, to go ashore, to land
    իջանել ի կառացiǰanel i kaṙacʿto alight, to get out of a carriage
    իջանել յերիվարէiǰanel yerivarēto dismount or alight, to get off, to get down from a horse
    արտասուք զկարմրերփեան ծնօտիւքն իջանէինartasukʿ zkarmrerpʿean cnōtiwkʿn iǰanēinthe tears fell down his (or her) rosy cheeks
    իջանել ի գերեզման, ի հող մահուiǰanel i gerezman, i hoł mahuto descend into the grave, to be buried
    ի ծառայութիւն իջանելi caṙayutʿiwn iǰanelto lower oneself to servitude, to become a servant
    յաղքատութիւն իջանելyałkʿatutʿiwn iǰanelto impoverish oneself, to become poor
    իջանել ի հպարտութենէնiǰanel i hpartutʿenēnto humiliate oneself; to relent, to soften, to become calmed, appeased
    իջանել ի թիկունսiǰanel i tʿikunsto go to the rescue, to succour
    իջանել ի հանդէս մարտիiǰanel i handēs martito come to blows, to fight
    այս ճանապարհ իջանէ ի Տրապիզոնէ ի Կարինays čanaparh iǰanē i Trapizonē i Karinthis route leads from Trebizond to Erzerum
    էջ մրրիկ հողմոյ ի ծովակնēǰ mrrik hołmoy i covakna storm broke over the lake
  2. (intransitive) to subside, to abate, to settle
  3. (intransitive) to empty itself
    իջանել գետոց ի ծովiǰanel getocʿ i covto discharge, to fall into, to disembogue, to disgorge, to empty itself, to overflow
  4. (intransitive) to lodge, to stop at, to sojourn
    իջանել յօթեւան ուրեքiǰanel yōtʿewan urekʿto put up at an hotel
  5. (intransitive) to descend from, to be born of

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “իջանեմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “իջանեմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “էջ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 277