իջանեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root *էջ- (*ēǰ-, to come/go down, descend; to stay overnight; to calm down), probably from Proto-Indo-European *h₁e/oi-gʰ, +‎ -ան- (-an-). Cognate with Ancient Greek οἴχομαι (oíkhomai, to go (away), leave, disappear), οἰχνέω (oikhnéō, to go, come, walk, approach), Lithuanian eigà (course), Old Irish oegi (guest). Armenian demonstrates a semantic shift ‘to go’ → ‘to go down’.

Verb[edit]

իջանեմ (iǰanem)

  1. (intransitive) to descend; to fall; to decline; to sink; to light, to sit down
    իջանել ի նաւէ‎ ― iǰanel i nawēto disembark, to go ashore, to land
    իջանել ի կառաց‎ ― iǰanel i kaṙacʿto alight, to get out of a carriage
    իջանել յերիվարէ‎ ― iǰanel yerivarēto dismount or alight, to get off, to get down from a horse
    արտասուք զկարմրերփեան ծնօտիւքն իջանէին‎ ― artasukʿ zkarmrerpʿean cnōtiwkʿn iǰanēinthe tears fell down his (or her) rosy cheeks
    իջանել ի գերեզման, ի հող մահու‎ ― iǰanel i gerezman, i hoł mahuto descend into the grave, to be buried
    ի ծառայութիւն իջանել‎ ― i caṙayutʿiwn iǰanelto lower one's self to servitude, to become a servant
    յաղքատութիւն իջանել‎ ― yałkʿatutʿiwn iǰanelto impoverish one's self, to become poor
    իջանել ի հպարտութենէն‎ ― iǰanel i hpartutʿenēnto humiliate one's self; to relent, to soften, to become calmed, appeased
    իջանել ի թիկունս‎ ― iǰanel i tʿikunsto go to the rescue, to succour
    իջանել ի հանդէս մարտի‎ ― iǰanel i handēs martito come to blows, to fight
    այս ճանապարհ իջանէ ի Տրապիզոնէ ի Կարին‎ ― ays čanaparh iǰanē i Trapizonē i Karinthis route leads from Trebizond to Erzerum
    էջ մրրիկ հողմոյ ի ծովակն‎ ― ēǰ mrrik hołmoy i covakna storm broke over the lake
  2. (intransitive) to subside, to abate, to settle
  3. (intransitive) to empty itself
    իջանել գետոց ի ծով‎ ― iǰanel getocʿ i covto discharge, to fall into, to disembogue, to disgorge, to empty itself, to overflow
  4. (intransitive) to lodge, to stop at, to sojourn
    իջանել յօթեւան ուրեք‎ ― iǰanel yōtʿewan urekʿto put up at an hotel
  5. (intransitive) to descend from, to be born of

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “իջանեմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “իջանեմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “էջ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 277