խուլ

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Armenian խուլ(xul).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

խուլ ‎(xul) ‎(superlative ամենախուլ)

  1. deaf
  2. (figuratively) remote; obscure
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

խուլ ‎(xul)

  1. deaf person
Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

խուլ ‎(xul)

  1. deafly, muffled
  2. tightly

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Armenian խուլ(xul).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

խուլ ‎(xul)

  1. swelling,tumor
  2. gland
Declension[edit]

Middle Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian խոյլ(xoyl).

Noun[edit]

խուլ ‎(xul)

  1. swelling, tumour, gland

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Łazaryan, Ṙ. S.; Avetisyan, H. M. (2009), “խուլ”, in Miǰin hayereni baṙaran [Dictionary of Middle Armenian] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 332a

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Ačaṙyan rejects all proposals and leaves the origin open.

According to Meillet, cognate with Ancient Greek κυλλός(kullós, deformed, crippled, crooked). This is accepted with reservation by J̌ahukyan, who derives both from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kel-(to bend, crook), positing pre-Armenian *kʰōl-.

Adjective[edit]

խուլ ‎(xul)

  1. deaf
    խուլ առնել‎ ― xul aṙnel ― to deafen, to stun
    խուլ առնել զունկն, խուլ լինել‎ ― xul aṙnel zunkn, xul linel ― to turn or give a deaf ear to
  2. dumb, mute, unable to speak

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1973), “խուլ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume II, 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935, page 415ab
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “խուլ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “խուլ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, pages 148, 192
  • Meillet, Antoine (1935), “Les sourdes aspirées en arménien”, in Bulletin de la Société de linguistique de Paris (in French), volume 36, page 115
  • Olsen, Birgit Anette (1999) The noun in Biblical Armenian: origin and word-formation: with special emphasis on the Indo-European heritage (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 119), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, page 98